Summer is a wonderful time – wherever we go, we have plenty of juicy fruit straight from the tree, colorful vegetables from the garden, chilled drinks, pleasantly cold water in the lake, lots of outdoor sports activities to choose from. There is one condition. We mentioned it in the first sentence – you just have to… move.
Nowadays, when most of us live in a hurry and monotony almost every day, performing certain routine behaviors, not taking care of the right amount of sleep, healthy eating or regular practice of any sport, it is extremely difficult to find the willingness and motivation to change. But let us try to convince you of the importance of physical fitness in our lives. Read on!
WHY SHOULD WE DO SPORT?
Human physical fitness is defined as the ability of the body to demonstrate efficient movement in its full functional range without pain. Physical performance is a multi-faceted phenomenon. The most important factors in reducing overall physical fitness include pain, trauma (including amputations), chronic overloads or systemic diseases.
It is worth understanding that regardless of the reason, one of the most common causes preventing the ability to develop its potential is the lack of structural tissue “space” (lack of full functional range of motion) and the occurrence of abnormal motor programs (the so-called “body manual”) at the CNS level.
Structural limitations, i.e. cramps, muscular tension imbalances or non-functional muscle hypertrophy should be addressed in training/therapy in the first place to allow the nervous system easier access to inactive areas of the body and dormant muscle groups. With the restoration of a full functional structural space of the body, proper motor programs have a greater chance to manifest themselves spontaneously and consolidate as proper habits of using the body.
TYPES OF PHYSICAL FITNESS
On the basis of these areas of activity, we distinguish two types of physical fitness: functional physical fitness and special sports fitness. The aim of basic functional fitness is to perpetuate the habit of proper handling of the body in everyday life activities (locomotion, standing up, carrying, etc.). The aim of special fitness is to increase the sporting performance in relation to the sport being practiced and to prevent injuries.
Basic fitness is related to corrective actions and refers to ergonomics in the area of everyday life activities, while special fitness is related to physical preparation in a sport. Since both types of physical fitness are based on learning and strengthening the most effective motor movement, it is difficult to find a border between them. For this reason, every client in physical training should be seen both as a sportsman and as a patient.